The following chemical structures of the phytochemicals contained in the leaves, fruits and seeds of Moringa are responsible for curing many diseases:
• Benzyl isothiocyanate 4 - (4'-O-acetyl-α-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy) 
• Benzyl isothiocyanate 4 - (-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy) ,
• Benzyl isothiocyanate 
These two Benzyl are potent and selective inhibitors of carcinogenesis induced by a variety of chemical carcinogens. These effects appear to be mediated through favorable modification of phase I and II enzymes involved in carcinogen metabolism.
• Niazimicin 
They have a hypotensive activity and has been established as an anti-tumor agent.
• Pterygospermin ,
Is the principle antibiotic effective against bacteria
• 4 - (α-L-rhamnopyranosyloxy) Benzyl glucosinolate 
In the leaves and seeds of Moringa regulate blood sugar, helps normalize blood cholesterol, treat diarrhea and moreover has a reputation as an aphrodisiac.
• Cytokinins: Zeatin, dihydrozeatin, Kaempferol, Beta-sitosterol and isopentyladenine
These Cytokinins are a class of substances that promote cell growth and division of cells (plant hormones). Have potent anti-aging effects on the human body and skin, preventing cell death and degradation and promote absorption of nutrients.
They act as an antihistamine, reduces inflammation associated with some forms of arthritis, and is also a powerful antioxidant that works to protect cells from damaging particles called free radicals.
It also help the absorption of excess cholesterol and also to protect cells against mutations.
The kaempferol has potent antioxidant properties found in the leaves, seeds and pods. It has been shown to inhibit the growth of tumor cells.
Beta-sitosterol is also a hormone that helps stimulate the immune system.
The leaves also contribute large values of calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, sulfur, manganese, zinc, selenium, vitamin E, vitamin B2 (riboflavin), vitamin B3 (niacin), choline, alanine, aspartic acid, glycine glutamatic, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine, valine, and chlorophyll. The flowers and leaves contain the antioxidants quercetin and kaempferol.
Moringa seeds contain large amounts of iron, vitamin B1 (thiamine), and essential oils (omega-3, omega-6 and omega-9)